Form of state: Republic
President: Mulatu Teshome Wirtu
Prime Minister: Abiy Ahmed Ali
Official language: Amhara
Languages spoken: English, Arabic, Somali
Capital: Addis Ababa
Currency: Ethiopian beer
Religion: Nearly 2/3 of the population is Christian, 1/3 is Muslim.
Population: 96 958 732 people
Area: 1 127 127 km²
Ethiopia is a state of East Africa, "Horn of Africa". One of the poorest countries: more than half of the people live in poverty.
Ethiopia's GDP in 2009 was $ 76.7bn, purchasing power parity, at $ 34.3bn at current prices. GDP growth is significant: in 2007 and 2008 it is more than 11%, in 2009 it is 8%, making it the fourth largest country in the world. Despite the rapid growth, Ethiopia is still one of the poorest countries in the world, with a GDP per capita of only 900 USD, which is ranked 213 in the 228 country list.  Its debt stock reaches 32% of GDP, of which 12% is external debt ($ 4.2bn). The gross national product (GDP) of the country can grow by 8.2% in 2018, according to the World Bank's expectations, with a growth rate it is one of the six fastest growing economies in the given year.
In the vast majority of the country, the climate is divided into distinct altitudinal zones, whereby the climate can be divided into three zones: It is under 1,800 feet below the tropical hot climate area, called the claw belt. In the lower parts, the average temperature of each month exceeds 20 ° C. Between 1800 and 2500 m there is the warm-moderate belt, the vojna dega. It is the realm of constant spring, where the annual average temperature is 15-19 ° C. 2500 m above the cold and cold zone, the dega. There may be frost at dawn at any time of the year. The amount of precipitation decreases from south to north, however, its volume and distribution vary in part. While in the south there are two-season rains, in the north there is only rainfall in the summer of 4-6 months. Addis-Abeba's daily average temperature varies between 8 and 24 ° C depending on the season. The annual rainfall is 500 mm. There are 2500 mm in the mountains of the country.
There are plenty of attractions in Ethiopia: the ruins of Aqsad, which remained in excellent condition, in the heart of ancient Ethiopia; Fortress of Fasil Ghebbi, residence of the Emperor of Ethiopia in the 16th and 17th centuries; Harar Jugol, 82 mosques of the fourth most sacred Islamic city with 102 shrines; Lalibela, the 11 monolithic churches of the holy pilgrimage; the town of Konso, surrounded by a 55-km stone wall; the Lower Awash Valley, where they found the remains of Lucy's first skeleton. They are part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site. Ethiopia's rich cultural and historical heritage includes many attractions such as Sheikh Hussein religious, cultural and historical monuments, Melka Kunture Paleolithic finds in Upper Awash Valley, Gedeo Cultural and Natural Areas in the Bale Mountains National Park or 15 kilometers Sof Omar Cave , the country's longest cave.
HIGHLIGHTER TOURIST CENTER
- Views of Addis Ababa from Entoto Mountain
- Lalibela's cliffed churches
- Lake Tana
- The bird life of the country
- Simien National Park
- The Blue Nile Waterfall at Bahir Dar (T'is Isat Fwafwate)
- Gondar Fortress, Castle
- The ruins of Akos
- The lower section of the Omo Valley
- The megaliths of Tiya